clsd-10q_20180331.htm

Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number: 001-37783

 

Clearside Biomedical, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

45-2437375

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

900 North Point Parkway, Suite 200

Alpharetta, GA

30005

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

(678) 270-3631

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  (Do not check if a small reporting company)

  

Small reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

As of May 7, 2018, the registrant had 31,947,033 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding.

 

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

Page

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

2

 

Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 (unaudited) and December 31, 2017

2

 

Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited)

3

 

Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited)

4

 

Notes to the Financial Statements

5

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

14

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

22

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

23

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

24

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

24

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

24

Item 5.

Other Information

24

Item 6.

Exhibits

25

Signatures

26

 

 

 

 

1


 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

CLEARSIDE BIOMEDICAL, INC.

Balance Sheets

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

84,834

 

 

$

9,224

 

Short-term investments

 

 

16,221

 

 

 

28,416

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

2,168

 

 

 

1,445

 

Other current assets

 

 

6

 

 

 

116

 

Total current assets

 

 

103,229

 

 

 

39,201

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

838

 

 

 

885

 

Restricted cash

 

 

360

 

 

 

360

 

Other assets

 

 

35

 

 

 

47

 

Total assets

 

$

104,462

 

 

$

40,493

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

6,744

 

 

$

5,384

 

Accrued liabilities

 

 

3,697

 

 

 

4,716

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

 

3,200

 

 

 

3,200

 

Current portion of deferred rent

 

 

202

 

 

 

199

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

20

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

13,843

 

 

 

13,519

 

Long-term debt

 

 

4,107

 

 

 

4,809

 

Deferred rent

 

 

581

 

 

 

610

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

 

 

 

140

 

Total liabilities

 

 

18,531

 

 

 

19,078

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized and no shares issued at

   March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized at March 31, 2018 and

   December 31, 2017; 31,947,033 and 25,354,651 shares issued and outstanding at

   March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 

32

 

 

 

25

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

226,567

 

 

 

145,618

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(140,667

)

 

 

(124,220

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(8

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

85,931

 

 

 

21,415

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

104,462

 

 

$

40,493

 

 

See accompanying notes to the financial statements

2


 

CLEARSIDE BIOMEDICAL, INC.

Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

License revenue

 

$

 

 

$

5

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

13,379

 

 

 

7,590

 

 

General and administrative

 

 

3,074

 

 

 

2,671

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

16,453

 

 

 

10,261

 

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(16,453

)

 

 

(10,256

)

 

Other expense, net

 

 

(154

)

 

 

(117

)

 

Net loss

 

$

(16,607

)

 

$

(10,373

)

 

Net loss per share of common stock — basic and diluted

 

$

(0.62

)

 

$

(0.41

)

 

Weighted average shares outstanding — basic and diluted

 

 

26,818,137

 

 

 

25,250,333

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(16,607

)

 

$

(10,373

)

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale investments

 

 

7

 

 

 

(8

)

 

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(16,600

)

 

$

(10,381

)

 

 

See accompanying notes to the financial statements.

 

3


 

CLEARSIDE BIOMEDICAL, INC.

Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(16,607

)

 

$

(10,373

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

 

47

 

 

 

30

 

Share-based compensation expense

 

 

1,138

 

 

 

752

 

Non-cash interest expense

 

 

49

 

 

 

52

 

Accretion of debt discount

 

 

49

 

 

 

53

 

Amortization and accretion on available-for-sale investments, net

 

 

(43

)

 

 

18

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

(613

)

 

 

(2,305

)

Other assets

 

 

12

 

 

 

(62

)

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

 

341

 

 

 

872

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

 

 

 

(5

)

Deferred rent

 

 

(26

)

 

 

(10

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(15,653

)

 

 

(10,978

)

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of available-for-sale investments

 

 

(8,725

)

 

 

(12,656

)

Maturities of available-for-sale investments

 

 

20,970

 

 

 

6,975

 

Acquisition of property and equipment

 

 

 

 

 

(309

)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

 

12,245

 

 

 

(5,990

)

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from follow-on public offering, net of issuance costs

 

 

79,581

 

 

 

5,057

 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

 

237

 

 

 

76

 

Principal payments made on long-term debt

 

 

(800

)

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

79,018

 

 

 

5,133

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

75,610

 

 

 

(11,835

)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

 

9,584

 

 

 

35,184

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

 

$

85,194

 

 

$

23,349

 

Supplemental schedule of noncash investing and financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tenant improvements paid by landlord

 

$

 

 

$

637

 

 

See accompanying notes to the financial statements.

 

4


 

CLEARSIDE BIOMEDICAL, INC.

Notes to the Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

 

1. The Company

 

Clearside Biomedical, Inc. (the “Company”) is a late-stage clinical biopharmaceutical company developing first-in-class drug therapies to treat blinding diseases of the eye. The Company’s current product candidates are injected into the suprachoroidal space (“SCS”) using our proprietary SCS Microinjector, and focus on the treatment of diseases affecting the retina and choroid, especially diseases associated with macular edema. Incorporated in the State of Delaware on May 26, 2011, the Company has its corporate headquarters in Alpharetta, Georgia.

The Company’s activities since inception have primarily consisted of developing product and technology rights, raising capital and performing research and development activities. The Company has no current source of revenue to sustain present activities, and does not expect to generate meaningful revenue until and unless the Company receives regulatory approval of, and successfully commercializes, its product candidates. The Company is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties similar to those of other life science companies at a similar stage of development, including, among others, the need to obtain adequate additional financing, successful development efforts, regulatory approval of products, compliance with government regulations, successful commercialization of potential products, protection of proprietary technology and dependence on key individuals.

Liquidity

The Company has funded its operations primarily through the proceeds of its public offerings of common stock, sale of convertible preferred stock and the issuance of long-term debt. On March 12, 2018, the Company closed a follow-on public offering in which it sold 6,538,462 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $13.00 per share, resulting in net proceeds of $79.6 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses. The Company will continue to need to obtain additional financing to fund future operations, including completing the development and commercialization of its primary product candidates. The Company will need to expend substantial resources for research and development, including costs associated with the clinical testing of its product candidates. The Company will also need to obtain additional financing to conduct additional trials for the regulatory approval of its product candidates if requested by regulatory bodies, and to complete the development of any additional product candidates that might be acquired. If such products were to receive regulatory approval, the Company would need to prepare for the potential commercialization of its product candidates and fund the commercial launch of the products, if the Company decides to commercialize the products on its own. Moreover, the Company’s fixed expenses such as rent and other contractual commitments are substantial and are expected to increase in the future.

The Company had cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $101.1 million as of March 31, 2018. In the absence of product or other revenues, the amount, timing, nature or source of which cannot be predicted, the Company’s losses will continue as it conducts its research and development activities. Until the Company can generate a sufficient amount of revenue, the Company may finance future cash needs through public or private equity offerings, license agreements, debt financings, collaborations, strategic alliances and marketing or distribution arrangements. The Company has incurred losses and negative cash flows since inception and expects operating losses and negative cash flows to continue into the foreseeable future. Absent raising additional funds, the Company expects that it will be able to delay, reduce or eliminate certain research and development programs or reduce administrative expense while still advancing clinical trials for key product candidates in order that the cash on hand as of the filing date, May 10, 2018, will be sufficient to fund its operations into the fourth quarter of 2019.

 

 

2. Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The Company’s financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).

5


 

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

The accompanying balance sheet as of March 31, 2018, statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 and statements of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 are unaudited. The unaudited interim financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s financial position as of March 31, 2018 and its results of its operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 and its cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017. The financial data and other information disclosed in these notes related to the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 are unaudited. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2018 are not indicative of results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2018, any other interim periods or any future year or period. These unaudited financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and related footnotes, which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include the accounting for useful lives to calculate depreciation and amortization, clinical trial estimates and related accrued liabilities, share-based compensation expense and income tax valuation allowance. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

Research and Development Costs

Research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred and include, but are not limited to:

 

employee-related expenses, including salaries, benefits, travel and share-based compensation expense for research and development personnel;

 

expenses incurred under agreements with contract research organizations, contract manufacturing organizations and consultants that conduct clinical trials and preclinical studies;

 

costs associated with nonclinical and clinical development activities;

 

costs associated with technology and intellectual property licenses;

 

costs for the Company’s research and development facility; and

 

depreciation expense for assets used in research and development activities.

Costs for certain development activities, such as clinical trials, are recognized based on an evaluation of the progress to completion of specific tasks using data such as patient enrollment, clinical site activations, or information provided to the Company by its vendors on their actual costs incurred. Payments for these activities are based on the terms of the individual arrangements, which may differ from the patterns of costs incurred, and are reflected in the financial statements as prepaid or accrued expense. No material adjustments to these estimates have been recorded in these financial statements.

Share-Based Compensation

Compensation cost related to share-based awards granted to employees is measured based on the estimated fair value of the award at the grant date. The Company estimates the fair value of stock options using a Black-Scholes option pricing model. Compensation expense for options granted to non-employees is determined as the fair value of consideration received or the fair value of the equity instruments issued, whichever is more reliably measured. The fair value of awards granted to non-employees is re-measured each period until the related service is complete. Share-based compensation costs are expensed on a straight-line basis over the relevant vesting period.

Compensation cost related to shares purchased through the Company’s employee stock purchase plan, which is considered compensatory, is based on the estimated fair value of the shares on the offering date, including consideration of the discount and the look back period. The Company estimates the fair value of the shares using a Black-Scholes option pricing model. Compensation expense is recognized over the six-month withholding period prior to the purchase date.

All share-based compensation costs are recorded in general and administrative or research and development costs in the statements of operations and comprehensive loss based upon the underlying employees’ roles within the Company.

6


 

Cash Equivalents

Cash equivalents consist of short-term, highly liquid investments with an original term of three months or less at the date of purchase.

Short-Term Investments

Short-term investments are investments with original maturities of between 90 and 365 days when purchased and are comprised of commercial paper, corporate bonds and government bonds. The Company classifies its short-term investments as available-for-sale securities. Short-term investments are recorded at fair value and unrealized gains and losses are recorded within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) until realized. In addition, the Company evaluates the short-investments with unrealized losses to determine whether such losses are other-than-temporary.

Concentration of Credit Risk Arising From Cash Deposits in Excess of Insured Limits

The Company maintains its cash in bank deposits that at times may exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any loss in such accounts. The Company believes it is not exposed to any significant risks with respect to its cash balances.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Under ASU 2014-09, companies will be required to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in amounts that reflect the consideration (that is, payment) to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard also will result in enhanced disclosures about revenue, provide guidance for transactions that were not previously addressed comprehensively (for example, service revenue and contract modifications) and modify guidance for multiple-element arrangements. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, which deferred by one year the effective date of ASU 2014-09.

The Company adopted the standard effective January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method. After evaluating its current and prior license agreements, as well as its other collaboration agreements, the Company recorded the remaining $160,000 of deferred revenue as a cumulative adjustment to accumulated deficit. The adoption of the new standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements and related disclosures.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. The update addresses eight specific cash flow matters with the objective of reducing diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and payments are classified in the statement of cash flows. The update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within the period. The Company adopted the standard effective January 1, 2018, and the adoption did not have a material impact on its financial statements and related disclosures.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Restricted Cash, which addresses diversity in practice in the classification and presentation of a change in restricted cash on the statement of cash flows. The amendments in this update require that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. The Company adopted the standard effective January 1, 2018, resulting in a change to the presentation of restricted cash on the statements of cash flows.

The following table is a reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the balance sheets that sum to the total amounts in the statements of cash flows (in thousands).

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

84,834

 

 

$

22,989

 

Restricted cash

 

 

360

 

 

 

360

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown on the statements of cash flows

 

$

85,194

 

 

$

23,349

 

Restricted cash consists of amounts held by a financial institution under a contractual agreement.

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-9, Compensation-Stock Compensation: Scope of Stock Compensation Modification Accounting. The ASU was issued to provide clarity and reduce both (1) diversity in practice and (2) cost and complexity when applying the guidance in Topic 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation, to a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based

7


 

payment award. The amendments in this update provide guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. The update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods thereafter. The Company adopted ASU 2017-9 effective January 1, 2018, and the impact on its financial statements and related disclosure would depend on any future modifications to its share-based awards.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (ASC 842), which requires lessees to recognize most leases on the balance sheet. This is expected to increase both reported assets and liabilities. The new lease standard does not substantially change lessor accounting. For public companies, the standard will be effective for the first interim reporting period within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, although early adoption is permitted. Lessees and lessors will be required to apply the new standard at the beginning of the earliest period presented in the financial statements in which they first apply the new guidance, using a modified retrospective transition method. The requirements of this standard include a significant increase in required disclosures. The Company is currently assessing the impact that adopting this new accounting standard will have on its financial statements and related disclosures.

3. Property and Equipment, Net

Property and equipment, net consisted of the following (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

Estimated

Useful Lives

(Years)

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

Furniture and fixtures

 

5

 

$

303

 

 

$

303

 

Machinery and equipment

 

5

 

 

121

 

 

 

121

 

Computer equipment

 

3

 

 

32

 

 

 

41

 

Leasehold improvements

 

Lesser of

useful life or

remaining

lease term

 

 

667

 

 

 

667

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,123

 

 

 

1,132

 

Less: Accumulated depreciation

 

 

 

 

(285

)

 

 

(247

)

 

 

 

 

$

838

 

 

$

885

 

 

4. Accrued Liabilities

Accrued liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Accrued research and development

 

$

2,682

 

 

$

3,360

 

Accrued bonuses

 

 

274

 

 

 

920

 

Accrued professional fees

 

 

224

 

 

 

62

 

Accrued vacation

 

 

84

 

 

 

113

 

Accrued interest payable

 

 

54

 

 

 

58

 

Accrued expense

 

 

379

 

 

 

203

 

 

 

$

3,697

 

 

$

4,716

 

 

8


 

5. Long-Term Debt

Loan and Security Agreements

In September 2016, the Company entered into an amended and restated loan and security agreement, which was subsequently amended on October 31, 2017 (as amended, the “loan agreement”) with Silicon Valley Bank (“SVB”), MidCap Funding XII Trust and MidCap Financial Trust (together, “MidCap” and collectively with SVB, the “Lenders”), which amended and restated in its entirety the Company’s prior loan and security agreement. The loan agreement provides for new term loans of up to $15.0 million, with a floating interest rate equal to 7% plus the greater of (i) the 30-day U.S. LIBOR, as reported in the Wall Street Journal on the last business day of the month that immediately precedes the month in which the interest will accrue, or (ii) 0.50%.

Under the terms of the loan agreement, an initial tranche of $8.0 million was advanced on September 28, 2016. The draw period for the remaining $7.0 million available under the loan agreement expired on March 31, 2018. The Company was required to pay accrued interest only on the outstanding $8.0 million balance through December 31, 2017, followed by 30 equal payments of principal and accrued interest. The Company has the option to prepay the outstanding balance of the term loans in full, subject to a prepayment fee of 2% of the original principal amount of the aggregate term loans for any prepayments through May 31, 2020. A final payment of $0.5 million, is due at maturity of the loan on June 1, 2020, or upon the prepayment of the facility or the acceleration of amounts due under the facility as a result of an event of default, and is being accreted in long-term debt over the life of the loan. Of the $8.0 million borrowed, $5.3 million was used to repay all amounts outstanding under the prior loan agreement. Closing costs incurred in the refinancing portion of the loan were recorded as expense while the financing costs for the new portion of the loan are recorded in long-term debt and being accreted over the life of the loan. Upon repayment of the original loan agreement, all remaining closing costs associated with the original loan agreement are being accreted to long-term debt over the life of the loan agreement.

The term loans under the loan agreement are secured by substantially all of the Company’s assets, except that the collateral does not include any of the Company’s intellectual property. However, pursuant to the terms of a negative pledge arrangement, the Company has agreed not to encumber any of its intellectual property.

Interest expense on the borrowings under the loan agreements was $161,000 and $156,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Accretion of the scheduled final payment was $49,000 and $52,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Accretion of the deferred debt issuance costs was $49,000 and $53,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

As of March 31, 2018, the scheduled payments for the loan agreement, including the scheduled final payment in 2020, were as follows (in thousands):

 

Year Ending December 31,

 

Principal

 

 

Interest and

Final Payment

 

 

Total

 

2018

 

$

2,400

 

 

$

336

 

 

$

2,736

 

2019

 

 

3,200

 

 

 

234

 

 

 

3,434

 

2020

 

 

1,600

 

 

 

545

 

 

 

2,145

 

 

 

$

7,200

 

 

$

1,115

 

 

$

8,315

 

 

6. Common Stock

The Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation authorizes the Company to issue 100,000,000 shares of $0.001 par value common stock. As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there were 31,947,033 and 25,354,651 shares of common stock outstanding, respectively.

 

7. Stock Purchase Warrants

In September 2016, in connection with the loan agreement (see Note 5), the Company issued warrants to the Lenders to purchase up to 29,796 shares of common stock at a price per share of $10.74. The warrants expire in September 2026, or earlier upon the occurrence of specified mergers or acquisitions of the Company, and are immediately exercisable. The warrants were recorded in equity and had a weighted average remaining life of 8.50 years as of March 31, 2018.

 


9


 

8. Share-Based Compensation

Share-based compensation is accounted for in accordance with the provisions of ASC 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation.

Stock Options

The Company has granted stock option awards to employees, directors and consultants from its 2011 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2011 Plan”) and its 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”). The estimated fair value of options granted is determined as of the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The resulting fair value is recognized ratably over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period of the awards. Options granted to non-employees are re-measured at each financial reporting period until required services are performed.  

Share-based compensation expense for options granted under the 2011 Plan and the 2016 Plan is reflected in the statements of operations and comprehensive loss as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

Research and development

 

$

431

 

 

$

325

 

 

General and administrative

 

 

702

 

 

 

417

 

 

Total

 

$

1,133

 

 

$

742

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the activity related to stock options during the three months ended March 31, 2018:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

Number of

 

 

Average

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Exercise Price

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options outstanding at January 1, 2018

 

 

3,075,349

 

 

$

6.17

 

Granted

 

 

142,500

 

 

 

6.23

 

Exercised

 

 

(53,920

)

 

 

4.40

 

Forfeited

 

 

(28,000

)

 

 

7.72

 

Options outstanding at March 31, 2018

 

 

3,135,929

 

 

 

6.19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options exercisable at December 31, 2017

 

 

1,114,286

 

 

 

3.94

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options exercisable at March 31, 2018

 

 

1,170,429

 

 

 

4.28

 

 

As of March 31, 2018, the Company had $11.0 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested stock options, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.9 years.

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

In January 2016, the Company’s board of directors adopted and approved, and in January 2016 the Company’s stockholders approved, the Clearside Biomedical, Inc. 2016 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “2016 ESPP”) which became effective on June 1, 2016. The first offering period for the 2016 ESPP commenced January 1, 2017. The 2016 ESPP is considered a compensatory plan and the fair value of the discount and the look-back period are estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and expense is recognized over the six month withholding period prior to the purchase date. The Company has issued a total of 9,692 shares of common stock purchased under the 2016 ESPP. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company has reported $5,000 and $10,000, respectively, of share-based compensation expense in the statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the estimated number of shares to be purchased on the next purchase date.

 

9. Commitments and Contingencies

Lease Commitment Summary

In November 2016, the Company signed an office lease agreement to lease approximately 20,000 square feet of office space in Alpharetta, Georgia for its corporate headquarters. The lease agreement is for a 6.5 year term with a renewal option for one additional five-year term. Rental payments are $35,145 per month subject to an increase of 3% per year. Rent expense under this lease is

10


 

recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. In addition, the lease agreement requires payment of the pro-rata share of the annual operating expenses associated with the premises. The Company relocated to this new space in March 2017.

Total future minimum lease payments were as follows at March 31, 2018 (in thousands):

 

Year Ending December 31,

 

 

 

 

2018

 

$

326

 

2019

 

 

444

 

2020

 

 

458

 

2021

 

 

472

 

Thereafter

 

 

860

 

Total minimum lease payments

 

$

2,560

 

 

Rent expense was $58,000 and $40,000 for three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Contract Service Providers

In the course of the Company’s normal business operations, it has agreements with contract service providers to assist in the performance of its research and development, clinical research and manufacturing. Substantially all of these contracts are on an as needed basis.

 

10. License and Collaboration Agreements

In August 2014, the Company entered into a royalty-bearing license agreement with NovaMedica LLC (“NovaMedica”). Under this agreement, the Company granted to NovaMedica the right to use the Company’s intellectual property to develop and commercialize the intended products (the “Covered Products”) and to have the exclusive right to sell those products in Russia and specified adjacent territories involving the use of the corticosteroid triamcinolone acetonide as the sole active pharmaceutical ingredient for administration in the SCS. In connection with this royalty-bearing license, NovaMedica made an upfront payment to the Company of $200,000. The Company is currently developing product candidates that, when completed, would be subject to this license giving NovaMedica the exclusive right to then sell the products in the specified geographic territories. In mid-December 2015, the Company received positive results from the Phase 2 clinical trial relating to the product candidate and determined, based on these results, that the intellectual property could become commercially feasible. Beginning in the first quarter of 2016, the Company began recognizing the $200,000 to revenue over the period of time estimated to complete clinical development and commercialization of the Covered Products and the beginning of the first set of patent expirations in 2027. On January 1, 2018, upon the adoption of ASU 2014-09, the Company accelerated the recognition of the deferred revenue and recorded the remaining balance of $160,000 as a cumulative adjustment to accumulated deficit. The Company recorded $5,000 of license revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2017, from this license agreement. NovaMedica is jointly owned by Rusnano MedInvest LLC and Domain Russia Investments Limited.

 

The Company has periodically entered into other short-term collaboration agreements, generally with performance obligations of one-to-two months, to evaluate the potential use of its proprietary SCS Microinjector with third-party product candidates for the treatment of various diseases. Funds received from these collaboration agreements are recognized as revenue over the term of the agreement.

 

 

11. Available-for-Sale Investments

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s available-for-sale investments (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31, 2018

 

 

 

Amortized

 

 

Unrealized

 

 

Fair

 

 

 

Cost

 

 

Losses

 

 

Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Government bonds

 

$

1,000

 

 

$

 

 

$

1,000

 

Commercial paper

 

 

14,472

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,472

 

Corporate bonds

 

 

750

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

749

 

Total available-for-sale investments

 

$

16,222

 

 

$

(1

)

 

$

16,221

 

 

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12. Fair Value Measurements

The Company records certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, on fair value measurements. As defined in the guidance, fair value, defined as an exit price, represents the amount that would be received to sell an asset or pay to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As a result, fair value is a market-based approach that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or a liability. As a basis for considering these assumptions, the guidance defines a three-tier value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used in the valuation methodologies in measuring fair value.

 

Level 1—Unadjusted quoted prices in active, accessible markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2—Other inputs that are directly or indirectly observable in the marketplace.

 

Level 3—Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity.

The fair value hierarchy also requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.

The Company’s material financial instruments at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consisted primarily of cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments and long-term debt. The fair value of cash and cash equivalents, government bonds, other current assets and accounts payable approximate their respective carrying values due to the short term nature of these instruments and are classified as Level 1 in the fair hierarchy. The fair value of long-term debt approximates the carrying value due to variable interest rates that correspond to market rates. The Company has determined its short-term investments, comprised of corporate bonds and commercial paper, to be Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy. The fair value was determined using a market approach, based on prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving similar assets. The short-term investments consist of investments with original maturity dates from date of acquisition of 90 to 365 days and are classified as available-for-sale.

There were no significant transfers between Levels 1, 2 and 3 during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and the year ended December 31, 2017.

The following tables summarize the fair value of financial assets that are measured at fair value and the classification by level of input within the fair value hierarchy (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31, 2018

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Recorded

Value

 

Financial Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and money markets

 

$

66,530

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

66,530

 

Restricted cash money market

 

 

360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

360

 

Government bonds

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

Corporate bonds

 

 

 

 

 

749

 

 

 

 

 

 

749

 

Commercial paper

 

 

 

 

 

32,776

 

 

 

 

 

 

32,776

 

Total financial assets

 

$

67,890

 

 

$

33,525

 

 

$

 

 

$

101,415

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Recorded

Value

 

Financial Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and money markets

 

$

9,224

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

9,224

 

Restricted cash money market

 

 

360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

360

 

Government bonds

 

 

11,238

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,238

 

Certificates of deposit

 

 

 

 

 

1,960

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,960

 

Corporate bonds

 

 

 

 

 

5,064

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,064

 

Commercial paper

 

 

 

 

 

10,154

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,154

 

Total financial assets

 

$

20,822

 

 

$

17,178

 

 

$

 

 

$

38,000

 

12


 

 

13. Net Loss Per Share

Basic net loss per share is calculated by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period, without consideration of the dilutive effect of potential common stock equivalents. Diluted net loss per share gives effect to all dilutive potential shares of common stock outstanding during this period.

For all periods presented, the Company’s potential common stock equivalents, which included stock options and stock purchase warrants, have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share as their inclusion would have the effect of reducing the net loss per share. Therefore, the denominator used to calculate both basic and diluted net loss per share is the same in all periods presented.

The Company’s potential common stock equivalents that have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share for all periods presented because of their antidilutive effect consisted of the following:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Outstanding stock options

 

 

3,135,929

 

 

 

2,179,092

 

Stock purchase warrants

 

 

29,796

 

 

 

29,796

 

 

 

 

3,165,725

 

 

 

2,208,888

 

 

 

14. Subsequent Event

 

On May 8, 2018, the Company entered into a Supply Agreement with Gerresheimer Regensburg GMBH, a company incorporated under laws of Germany (“Gerresheimer”), pursuant to which Gerresheimer will manufacture and supply the Company’s proprietary SCS Microinjector in accordance with purchase orders from the Company. The agreement contains an initial five-year term that will automatically renew for successive periods of three years.

 


13


 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Certain statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The words or phrases “would be,” “will allow,” “intends to,” “will likely result,” “are expected to,” “will continue,” “is anticipated,” “estimate,” “project,” or similar expressions, or the negative of such words or phrases, are intended to identify “forward-looking statements.” We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events. Because such statements include risks and uncertainties, actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include those below and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, particularly in Part II – Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC. Statements made herein are as of the date of the filing of this Form 10-Q with the SEC and should not be relied upon as of any subsequent date. Unless otherwise required by applicable law, we do not undertake, and we specifically disclaim, any obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect occurrences, developments, unanticipated events or circumstances after the date of such statement.

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited financial statements and related notes that appear in Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and with our audited financial statements and related notes for the year ended December 31, 2017 appearing in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 16, 2018.

Overview

We are a late-stage clinical biopharmaceutical company developing first-in-class drug therapies to treat blinding diseases of the eye. Our current product candidates are injected into the suprachoroidal space, or SCS, using our proprietary SCS Microinjector, and focus on the treatment of diseases affecting the retina and choroid, especially diseases associated with macular edema. With the suprachoroidal injection procedure, our product candidates are more directly administered to the retina and choroid as compared to other ocular drug administration techniques such as intravitreal injections. We believe treatment of eye disease via suprachoroidal injection may provide a number of benefits, including lower frequency of administration and faster onset of therapeutic effect. We hold the exclusive rights to develop and commercialize drugs for treatment via injection into the SCS. Our most advanced product candidates are based on commonly used ophthalmic drugs, which we believe will allow us to more efficiently and predictably pursue the regulatory approval of these product candidates under Section 505(b)(2) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

 

We are developing suprachoroidally injected CLS-TA, our proprietary, preservative-free formulation of the corticosteroid triamcinolone acetonide, or TA, to be administered suprachoroidally for the treatment of patients with non-infectious uveitis. On March 5, 2018, we announced positive topline results from our PEACHTREE Phase 3 clinical trial of CLS-TA for the treatment of macular edema associated with non-infectious uveitis. We enrolled 160 patients in the trial, of which 96 patients were randomized to the treatment arm to receive two 4.0 mg doses of suprachoroidal CLS-TA 12 weeks apart, and 64 patients were randomized to the control arm to undergo a sham procedure at the same 12-week intervals. Patients were evaluated every four weeks for a total of 24 weeks, and a total of 155 patients, or 97% of those enrolled, completed the full evaluation period of the trial. The trial met the primary endpoint with 47% of suprachoroidal CLS-TA patients gaining at least 15 letters in best corrected visual acuity, or BCVA, as measured using the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study, or ETDRS, scale, from baseline at week 24, compared to 16% of patients in the control arm. This improvement was statistically significant, with a p-value of less than 0.001. The improvement in BCVA from baseline was better in the treatment arm than the control arm at each monthly evaluation. The mean improvement from baseline was maintained throughout the evaluation period, with 9.6 letters gained at week 4 and 13.7 letters gained at week 24 in the treatment arm, compared to 1.2 letters gained at week 4 and 2.9 letters gained at week 24 in the control arm.

 

Administration of suprachoroidal CLS-TA resulted in a mean reduction from baseline of 157 microns in central subfield thickness at week 24 in the treatment arm compared to a 19 micron mean reduction in the control arm, a result that was also statistically significant with a p-value of less than 0.001.

 

Suprachoroidal CLS-TA was generally well tolerated, with no treatment-related serious adverse events reported in the trial. Through 24 weeks, steroid-related elevated intraocular pressure, or IOP, adverse events were reported for approximately 11.5% of patients in the CLS-TA treatment arm, compared to no patients in the control arm. In addition, over the course of this 24-week trial, adverse events involving changes in cataract grading from baseline were similar in each arm, with approximately 8% of patients in each arm showing adverse event changes in cataract grading. Further, no cataract surgeries resulted from this trial.

 

Additionally, signs of inflammation resolved in approximately 70% of treatment arm patients. For example, 69% of patients in the treatment arm with any level of vitreous haze at baseline had vitreous haze scores of zero by the final visit at week 24, compared to 7% of control patients whose vitreous haze resolved by week 24. Resolution of anterior chamber cells and anterior chamber flare was

14


 

72% and 74%, respectively, of patients in the CLS-TA treatment arm compared to 17% and 22%, respectively, of patients in the control arm.

 

With respect to durability of treatment effect, over 85% of the patients in the treatment arm did not receive rescue therapy, remaining on CLS-TA treatment over the 24 weeks of the trial. In the control arm, only between 30% and 35% of patients did not receive rescue therapy.

 

Based on the results from PEACHTREE, we intend to submit a New Drug Application, or NDA, for CLS-TA for the treatment of patients with non-infectious uveitis by the end of 2018.

 

We are also developing CLS-TA in combination with an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor, or anti-VEGF, agent for the treatment of macular edema associated with retinal vein occlusion, or RVO, a sight-threatening disorder resulting from the blockage of a retinal vein. We are exploring whether suprachoroidal CLS-TA together with an intravitreal injection of an anti-VEGF agent can provide improved visual acuity, reduced macular edema and reduced injection frequency, as compared to administration of an intravitreal anti-VEGF agent alone.

 

We have completed a Phase 2 clinical trial, which we refer to as TANZANITE, in 46 patients with macular edema associated with RVO. In this trial, 23 patients in the combination arm initially received suprachoroidal CLS-TA together with an intravitreal injection of the anti-VEGF agent Eylea, or intravitreal Eylea, and 23 patients in the control arm initially received intravitreal Eylea alone. The objective of the trial was to determine whether patients receiving suprachoroidal CLS-TA together with intravitreal Eylea could sustain this improved visual acuity over the three months of the clinical trial while requiring fewer additional Eylea treatments than patients receiving intravitreal Eylea alone. Patients in each arm were evaluated at months one, two and three after the initial treatment using pre-specified criteria to determine if they continued to experience macular edema or reductions in visual acuity and therefore required additional intravitreal Eylea treatments. The primary objective of the trial was met, with patients in the combination arm requiring an aggregate of 60% fewer additional Eylea treatments than patients in the Eylea alone control arm over three months, a result that was statistically significant (p=0.013). In addition, based on a post-hoc analysis, 18 of the 23 patients, or 78%, in the combination arm of the trial did not require additional treatments during the three-month trial compared to 7 of the 23 patients, or 30%, in the control arm, a result that was also statistically significant (p=0.003). In the same Phase 2 trial, patients in the combination arm experienced greater improvement in visual acuity than those in the Eylea alone control arm, with a mean BCVA improvements at months one, two and three of 16, 20 and 19 letters, respectively, compared to improvements of 11, 12 and 11 letters, respectively. We also extended our evaluation of the patients who participated in the trial and did not receive any additional Eylea treatment during the initial three-month evaluation period to further assess the durability of suprachoroidal CLS-TA in combination with intravitreal Eylea for an additional six months following completion of the trial. Of the 32 eligible patients, the medical records of 31 patients were obtained for review. Based on combined data from TANZANITE and the extended evaluation period, 17 of the 23 patients in the combination arm, or 74%, did not receive any additional treatment over the nine-month period, compared to only 4 of 23 patients, or 17%, in the control arm.

 

Based on the results of TANZANITE and after incorporating feedback from an end-of-Phase 2 meeting with the FDA held in late 2016, we began to enroll patients in a Phase 3 clinical trial, which we refer to as SAPPHIRE, in the first quarter of 2017. We are continuing to enroll patients in SAPPHIRE, a multicenter, randomized, masked, controlled trial, to assess the efficacy and safety of suprachoroidal CLS-TA together with intravitreal Eylea in patients with RVO. Patients in the combination treatment arm will receive suprachoroidal CLS-TA together with intravitreal Eylea at the beginning of the trial, intravitreal Eylea alone at week 4 and suprachoroidal CLS-TA together with intravitreal Eylea at weeks 12 and 24. Patients in the control arm will receive intravitreal Eylea alone at the beginning of the trial and follow-up intravitreal Eylea alone every four weeks through and including week 24. After 24 weeks, patients will be followed for approximately an additional six months. While safety and efficacy analyses will be conducted at week 24 and after the additional six-month period, the primary objective of this trial will be to determine the proportion of patients in each arm with a BCVA improvement of at least 15 letters from baseline at eight weeks after initial treatment. Several secondary efficacy and safety endpoints will also be evaluated. We anticipate total enrollment of approximately 460 patients in the trial to be completed in the second quarter of 2018 and expect to report preliminary 8-week results from SAPPHIRE in the fourth quarter of 2018.

 

In addition, in the third quarter of 2017, we began the start-up activities for a second Phase 3 clinical trial in patients with RVO, which we refer to as TOPAZ. We enrolled the first patient in TOPAZ in March 2018. Similar to the SAPPHIRE trial, TOPAZ is a multicenter, randomized, masked, controlled Phase 3 trial to assess the efficacy and safety of suprachoroidal CLS-TA together with an intravitreal anti-VEGF agent (either Lucentis or Avastin) in patients with RVO. Patients in the combination treatment arm will receive suprachoroidal CLS-TA together with an intravitreal anti-VEGF agent at the beginning of the trial, intravitreal anti-VEGF agent alone at week 4 and suprachoroidal CLS-TA together with intravitreal anti-VEGF agent at weeks 12 and 24. Patients in the control arm will receive intravitreal anti-VEGF agent alone at the beginning of the trial and follow-up intravitreal anti-VEGF agent alone every four weeks through and including week 24. After 24 weeks, patients will be followed for approximately an additional six months, with

15


 

patients in each arm having the opportunity to receive treatment as needed based on monthly evaluations. The primary objective of this trial will be to determine the proportion of patients in each arm with a BCVA improvement of at least 15 letters from baseline at eight weeks after initial treatment. Several secondary efficacy and safety endpoints will also be evaluated. We anticipate total enrollment of approximately 460 patients in the trial.

 

We are also developing suprachoroidal CLS-TA for the treatment of diabetic macular edema, or DME. In April 2017, we completed enrollment of 20 patients with DME in an open-label, multi-center Phase 1/2 clinical trial, which we refer to as HULK, to obtain safety data and to observe efficacy outcomes from administering a combination of intravitreal Eylea and suprachoroidal CLS-TA, as well as suprachoroidal CLS-TA alone, over a six-month evaluation period. In November 2017, we announced preliminary results from the HULK trial. In the trial, we observed a mean change in visual acuity improvement from baseline for patients receiving suprachoroidal CLS-TA, with a greater benefit in treatment naïve eyes. Anatomic improvement was observed in all treated eyes, with more than two-thirds of those eyes achieving a greater than 50% reduction in excess central retinal thickness from baseline, based on monthly measurements through six months after initial treatment. In the treatment naïve group, 40% of patients did not require retreatment over the entire six months, with an additional 20% requiring only one retreatment. Suprachoroidal CLS-TA, including in patients who received multiple injections, was well tolerated, with a low incidence of ocular side effects, including IOP elevations.

In July 2017, we commenced a Phase 2 clinical trial, which we refer to as TYBEE, to evaluate the safety and efficacy of administering a combination of intravitreal Eylea and suprachoroidal CLS-TA to patients with DME, as compared to intravitreal Eylea alone. We completed enrollment of 71 patients in this trial in October 2017. Patient follow-up in TYBEE is six months after initial treatment, and we expect to report preliminary data in the second quarter of 2018.

Finally, multiple nonclinical studies, both internally and with multiple collaborators, are underway in development areas such as gene therapy for inherited retinal disorders, neovascular age-related macular degeneration, also known as wet AMD, and other ocular diseases that may benefit from suprachoroidal administration of investigational product candidates.

If any of our product candidates are approved, we plan to commercialize them with a specialty team of 30 to 40 sales and medical marketing professionals to target the approximately 1,900 uveitis and retina specialists in the United States, and we may also pursue collaborations with third parties to commercialize any of our drugs approved for marketing outside the United States.

We have incurred net losses since our inception in May 2011. Our operations to date have been limited to organizing and staffing our company, raising capital, undertaking preclinical studies and other research and development initiatives and, beginning in 2013, conducting clinical trials of our most advanced drug candidates. To date, we have not generated any revenue, other than license revenue, and we have primarily financed our operations through public offerings and private placements of our equity securities, issuances of convertible promissory notes and loan agreements. As of March 31, 2018, we had an accumulated deficit of $140.7 million. We recorded net losses of $16.6 million and $10.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. We anticipate that a substantial portion of our capital resources and efforts in the foreseeable future will be focused on completing the necessary development for and obtaining regulatory approval and preparing for potential commercialization of our product candidates.

We expect to continue to incur significant and increasing operating losses at least for the next several years. We do not expect to generate product revenue unless and until we successfully complete necessary development of, and obtain regulatory approval for, one or more of our product candidates. Our net losses may fluctuate significantly from quarter to quarter and year to year, depending on the timing of our clinical trials and our expenditures on other research and development activities. We anticipate that our expenses will increase as we:

 

complete our ongoing SAPPHIRE, TOPAZ and TYBEE clinical trials;

 

initiate and conduct our planned future clinical trials;

 

seek to discover, research and develop additional product candidates;

 

seek regulatory approvals for any product candidates that successfully complete clinical trials and other developmental efforts necessary to seek such approvals;

 

establish sales, marketing and distribution infrastructure and scale up external manufacturing capabilities to commercialize any product candidates for which we may obtain regulatory approval;

 

maintain, expand and protect our intellectual property portfolio;

 

hire additional clinical, manufacturing, medical and scientific personnel;

 

add operational, financial and management information systems and personnel, including personnel to support our development and potential future commercialization efforts; and

 

operate as a public company.

16


 

Components of Operating Results

Revenue

We have not generated any revenue from the sale of any drugs, and we do not expect to generate any revenue unless or until we obtain regulatory approval of and commercialize our product candidates. In 2014, we executed a license agreement with NovaMedica LLC, or NovaMedica, In connection with this agreement, we received an up-front payment of $200,000 from NovaMedica. We deferred recognizing these payments through 2015. In the first quarter of 2016, we began recognizing revenue related to the NovaMedica payment. In the first quarter of 2018, upon our adoption ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, the remaining $160,000 of deferred revenue was recorded as a cumulative adjustment to our accumulated deficit.

We may enter into additional collaboration agreements to evaluate the potential use of our proprietary SCS Microinjector with third-party product candidates for the treatment of various eye diseases.

Research and Development

Since our inception, we have focused on our development programs. Research and development expenses consist primarily of costs incurred for the research and development of our preclinical and clinical product candidates, which include:

 

employee-related expenses, including salaries, benefits, travel and share-based compensation expense for research and development personnel;

 

expenses incurred under agreements with contract research organizations, or CROs, as well as contract manufacturing organizations and consultants that conduct clinical trials and preclinical studies;

 

costs associated with preclinical activities and development activities;

 

costs associated with technology and intellectual property licenses;

 

costs for our research and development facility; and

 

depreciation expense for assets used in research and development activities.

We expense research and development costs to operations as incurred. The costs for some of our development activities, such as clinical trials, are recognized based on the terms of underlying agreements, as well as an evaluation of the progress to completion of specific tasks using data such as patient enrollment, clinical site activations and additional information provided to us by our vendors about their actual costs occurred.

Expenses related to activities, such as manufacturing and stability and toxicology studies, that are supportive of a product candidate itself, are classified as direct preclinical costs. Expenses related to clinical trials and similar activities, including costs associated with CROs, are classified as direct clinical costs. Expenses related to activities that support more than one development program or activity, such as salaries, share-based compensation and depreciation, are not classified as direct clinical costs or preclinical costs and are separately classified as unallocated.

For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, substantially all of our research and development expenses were related to the clinical development of our product candidates.

The following table shows our research and development expenses by program for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (in thousands).

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

CLS-TA (uveitis program)

 

$

2,573

 

 

$

3,581

 

CLS-TA (RVO program)

 

 

7,376

 

 

 

1,935

 

CLS-TA (DME program)

 

 

1,177

 

 

 

140

 

Wet AMD program

 

 

 

 

 

247

 

Total

 

 

11,126

 

 

 

5,903

 

Unallocated

 

 

2,253

 

 

 

1,687

 

Total research and development expense

 

$

13,379

 

 

$

7,590

 

 

17


 

Our expenses related to clinical trials are based on estimates of patient enrollment and related expenses at clinical investigator sites as well as estimates for the services received and efforts expended under contracts with research institutions, consultants and CROs that conduct and manage clinical trials on our behalf. We generally accrue expenses related to clinical trials based on contracted amounts applied to the level of patient enrollment and activity according to the protocol. If future timelines or contracts are modified based upon changes in the clinical trial protocol or scope of work to be performed, we would modify our estimates of accrued expenses accordingly on a prospective basis. Historically, any such modifications have not been material.

Research and development activities are central to our business model. Product candidates in later stages of clinical development generally have higher development costs than those in earlier stages of clinical development, primarily due to the increased size and duration of later-stage clinical trials. We expect our research and development expenses to increase over the next several years as we progress our product candidates through clinical development. However, it is difficult to determine with certainty the duration and completion costs of our current or future preclinical programs and clinical trials of our product candidates, or if, when or to what extent we will generate revenues from the commercialization and sale of any of our product candidates that obtain regulatory approval. We may never succeed in achieving regulatory approval for any of our product candidates.

The duration, costs and timing of clinical trials and development of our product candidates will depend on a variety of factors that include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

the costs associated with process development, scale-up and manufacturing of CLS-TA and the SCS Microinjector for clinical trials and for requirements associated with regulatory filings associated with approval;

 

the number of trials required for approval and any requirement for extension trials;

 

per patient trial costs;

 

the number of patients that participate in the trials;

 

the number of sites included in the trials;

 

the countries in which the trials are conducted;

 

the length of time required to enroll eligible patients;

 

the number of doses that patients receive;

 

the drop-out or discontinuation rates of patients;

 

potential additional safety monitoring or other studies requested by regulatory agencies;

 

the duration of patient follow-up; and

 

the efficacy and safety profiles of the product candidates.

In addition, the probability of success for each product candidate will depend on numerous factors, including competition, manufacturing capability and commercial viability. We will determine which programs to pursue and how much to fund each program in response to the scientific and clinical success of each product candidate, as well as an assessment of each product candidate’s commercial potential.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and other related costs, including share-based compensation, for personnel in executive, finance and administrative functions. General and administrative costs include facility related costs not otherwise included in research and development expenses, professional fees for legal, patent, consulting, and accounting and audit services.

We anticipate that our general and administrative expenses will increase in the future to support our continued research and development activities and the potential commercialization of our product candidates. Additionally, we anticipate increased costs related to services associated with maintaining compliance with Nasdaq listing rules and SEC requirements, including compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, director and officer insurance, and investor and public relations costs.

18


 

Other Income (Expense)

Other income consists of interest income earned on our cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments. Interest income is not considered significant to our financial statements.

Other expense primarily consists of interest expense under our loan agreements for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Judgments and Estimates

Our management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the dates of the balance sheets and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting periods. In accordance with U.S. GAAP, we evaluate our estimates and judgments on an ongoing basis. Significant estimates include assumptions used in the determination of share-based compensation and some of our research and development expenses. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

We define our critical accounting policies as those accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America that require us to make subjective estimates and judgments about matters that are uncertain and are likely to have a material impact on our financial condition and results of operations, as well as the specific manner in which we apply those principles. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, there were no significant changes to our critical accounting policies disclosed in our audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017, which are included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, as filed with the SEC on March 16, 2018, other than our adoption of ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as described in Note 2 to our financial statements included in this report.

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017

The following table sets forth our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

Period-to-Period

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

Change

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

License revenue

 

$

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

(5

)

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

13,379

 

 

 

7,590

 

 

 

5,789

 

General and administrative

 

 

3,074

 

 

 

2,671

 

 

 

403

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

16,453

 

 

 

10,261

 

 

 

6,192

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(16,453

)

 

 

(10,256

)

 

 

(6,197

)

Other expense, net

 

 

(154

)

 

 

(117

)

 

 

(37

)

Net loss

 

$

(16,607

)

 

$

(10,373

)

 

$

(6,234

)

 

Revenue. In the three months ended March 31, 2017, we recognized $5,000 of revenue associated with our agreement with NovaMedica.

Research and development. Research and development expense increased by $5.8 million, from $7.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 to $13.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018. This was primarily attributable to an increase in costs related to our clinical programs. Costs for our RVO program increased $5.4 million, and costs for our DME program increased $1.0 million. In addition to the increase in costs for our clinical trials, we also incurred a $0.1 million increase in regulatory costs in preparation for an NDA filing, a $0.2 million increase in other research and development activities and a $0.2 million increase in employee-related costs due to an increase in headcount to support our increased clinical trial activities. These increases were partially offset by a $0.6 million decrease in clinical costs for our uveitis program, as PEACHTREE was completed during the first quarter of 2018, and a $0.4 million decrease in costs related to device and drug manufacturing.

19


 

General and administrative. General and administrative expenses increased by $0.4 million, from $2.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 to $3.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018. The increase was primarily attributable to a $0.5 million increase in employee-related costs and an increase of $0.1 million in marketing-related expenses as we prepare for potential commercialization of CLS-TA, partially offset by a decrease of $0.2 million in patent-related expenses.

Other expense, net. Other expense, net for each of the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 primarily consisted of interest on long-term debt, the amortization of financing costs, the accretion of warrants and the final payment related to the loan agreements, partially offset by interest income from our short-term investments.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Sources of Liquidity

We have funded our operations primarily through the proceeds of public offerings of our common stock, sales of convertible preferred stock and the issuance of long-term debt. As of March 31, 2018, we had cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $101.1 million. We invest any cash in excess of our immediate requirements primarily with a view to liquidity and capital preservation. As of March 31, 2018, our funds were held in cash, money market funds, commercial paper, corporate bonds and government bonds.

On March 12, 2018, we closed a follow-on public offering in which we sold 6,538,462 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $13.00 per share, resulting in net proceeds of $79.6 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses.

On June 30, 2017, we entered into an at-the-market sales agreement with Cowen and Company LLC, or Cowen, under which we may offer and sell, from time to time at our sole discretion, shares of our common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $50.0 million through Cowen acting as our sales agent. As of the date of this report, we have not sold any shares of our common stock under the at-the-market facility.

On September 28, 2016, we entered into an amended and restated loan and security agreement with Silicon Valley Bank, or SVB, and entities affiliated with MidCap Financial Services, which we refer to collectively with SVB as the Lenders. The amended and restated loan and security agreement provided for new term loans of up to $15.0 million, with a floating interest rate equal to 7% plus the greater of (i) the 30-day U.S. LIBOR, as reported in the Wall Street Journal on the last business day of the month that immediately precedes the month in which the interest will accrue, or (ii) 0.50%. We borrowed an initial tranche of $8.0 million on September 28, 2016, of which $5.3 million was used to repay all amounts outstanding under our prior loan agreement with SVB. The draw period for the remaining $7.0 million available under the amended and restated loan and security agreement expired on March 31, 2018. In connection with the amended and restated loan and security agreement, we issued warrants to the Lenders to purchase up to 29,796 shares of common stock at a price per share of $10.74. The warrants expire in September 2026, or earlier upon the occurrence of specified mergers or acquisitions of our company, and are immediately exercisable.

The term loans under the amended and restated loan and security agreement are secured by substantially all of our assets, except that the collateral does not include any of our intellectual property. However, pursuant to the terms of a negative pledge arrangement, we have agreed not to encumber any of our intellectual property.

Funding Requirements

Our primary uses of capital are, and we expect will continue to be, compensation and related expenses, third-party clinical research and development services, laboratory and related supplies, clinical costs, legal and other regulatory expenses and general overhead costs.

The successful development of our product candidates is highly uncertain. As such, at this time, we cannot reasonably estimate or know the nature, timing and estimated costs of the efforts that will be necessary to complete the remainder of the development of CLS-TA or any future product candidates, although we will require additional funding to complete our Phase 3 clinical program for CLS-TA as a potential treatment, together with an anti-VEGF agent, for RVO. We are also unable to predict when, if ever, material net cash inflows will commence from product sales. This is due to the numerous risks and uncertainties associated with developing drugs, including the uncertainty of:

 

successful enrollment in, and completion of clinical trials;

 

receipt of marketing approvals from applicable regulatory authorities;

 

establishing commercial manufacturing capabilities or making arrangements with third-party manufacturers;

20


 

 

obtaining and maintaining patent and trade secret protection and regulatory exclusivity for our product candidates; and

 

launching commercial sales of the products, if and when approved, whether alone or in collaboration with others.

A change in the outcome of any of these variables with respect to the development of any of our product candidates would significantly change the costs and timing associated with the development of that candidate.

Until such time, if ever, as we can generate substantial product revenue, we expect to finance our cash needs through a combination of equity offerings, debt financings and potential collaboration, license and development agreements. We do not currently have any committed external source of funds, and, as described above, we may also be able to sell up to $50.0 million of our common stock under the at-the-market sales agreement with Cowen subject to the terms of that agreement and depending on market conditions. To the extent that we raise additional capital through the sale of equity or convertible debt securities, your ownership interest will be diluted, and the terms of these securities may include liquidation or other preferences that adversely affect your rights as a common stockholder. Debt financing and preferred equity financing, if available, may involve agreements that include covenants limiting or restricting our ability to take specific actions, such as incurring additional debt, making capital expenditures or declaring dividends.

If we raise additional funds through collaborations, strategic alliances or marketing, distribution or licensing arrangements with third parties, we may be required to relinquish valuable rights to our technologies, future revenue streams, research programs or product candidates or to grant licenses on terms that may not be favorable to us. If we are unable to raise additional funds through equity or debt financings when needed, we may be required to delay, limit, reduce or terminate our drug development or future commercialization efforts or grant rights to develop and market product candidates that we would otherwise prefer to develop and market ourselves.

We also incur costs as a public company that we have not previously incurred or have previously incurred at lower rates, including increased costs and expenses for fees to members of our board of directors, increased personnel costs, increased directors and officers insurance premiums, audit and legal fees, investor relations fees and expenses for compliance with reporting requirements under the Exchange Act and rules implemented by the SEC and Nasdaq.

Outlook

Based on our research and development plans and our timing expectations related to the progress of our programs, including our ability to control spending by delaying, reducing or eliminating research and development programs or reducing administrative expense while still advancing clinical trials for our most advanced product candidates, we expect that our existing cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments, including the net proceeds from our public offering of common stock in March 2018, will enable us to fund our operating expenses and capital expenditure requirements into the fourth quarter of 2019. We have based this estimate on assumptions that may prove to be wrong, and we could exhaust our capital resources sooner than we expect. Additionally, the process of testing product candidates in clinical trials is costly, and the timing of progress in these trials is uncertain.

Cash Flows

The following is a summary of the net cash flows provided by (used in) our operating, investing and financing activities (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Net cash (used in) provided by:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating activities

 

$

(15,653

)

 

$

(10,978

)

Investing activities

 

 

12,245

 

 

 

(5,990

)

Financing activities

 

 

79,018

 

 

 

5,133

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

$

75,610

 

 

$

(11,835

)

 

21


 

During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, our operating activities used net cash of $15.7 million and $11.0 million, respectively. The use of cash in each period primarily resulted from our net losses. The increase in net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2017 was primarily attributable to the higher research and development expenses described above.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, our net cash provided by investing activities was $12.2 million, compared to net cash used in investing activities of $6.0 million for the prior year period. In each period, cash flows from investing activities related primarily to purchases and maturities of short-term, available-for-sale investments.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, our net cash provided by financing activities was $79.0 million and $5.1 million, respectively. The net cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2018 was comprised of the net proceeds of $79.6 million received from our March 2018 public offering of common stock and $0.2 million of proceeds from the exercise of stock options, partially offset by principal repayments of $0.8 million pursuant to our amended and restated loan and security agreement. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, our net cash provided by financing activities was primarily comprised of the net proceeds received from the underwriters’ exercise of their option to purchase additional shares in January 2017 as part of our public offering of common stock that initially closed in December 2016.

Contractual Obligations 

As of March 31, 2018, there were no significant changes to our contractual obligations from those presented as of December 31, 2017 in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.

On May 8, 2018, we entered into a Supply Agreement with Gerresheimer Regensburg GMBH, a company incorporated under laws of Germany, or Gerresheimer, pursuant to which Gerresheimer will manufacture and supply our proprietary SCS Microinjector in accordance with purchase orders from Clearside. The agreement contains an initial five-year term that will automatically renew for successive periods of three years.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We did not have during the periods presented, and we do not currently have, any off-balance sheet arrangements, as defined under SEC rules.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Item 1, “Financial Statements – Note 2, Significant Accounting Policies” for a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements and their effect on us.

JOBS Act

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, or the JOBS Act. Section 107(b) of the JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of an extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards. Thus, an emerging growth company can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have irrevocably elected not to avail ourselves of this extended transition period, and, as a result, we will adopt new or revised accounting standards on the relevant dates on which adoption of such standards is required for other public companies.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

The market risk inherent in our financial instruments and in our financial position represents the potential loss arising from adverse changes in interest rates. As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we had cash and cash equivalents of $84.8 million and $9.2 million, respectively. We generally hold our cash in interest-bearing money market accounts. As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we had short-term investments of $16.2 million and $28.4 million, respectively. The short-term investments included commercial paper, corporate bonds and government bonds. Our primary exposure to market risk is interest rate sensitivity, which is affected by changes in the general level of U.S. interest rates. Due to the short-term maturities of our cash equivalents and short-term investments and the low risk profile of our investments, an immediate 100 basis point change in interest rates would not have a material effect on the fair market value of our cash equivalents and short-term investments.

We do not engage in any hedging activities against changes in interest rates. Our outstanding debt instruments carry a floating interest rate that is 7.0% plus the greater of (i) the 30-day U.S. LIBOR, reported in the Wall Street Journal on the last business day of the month that immediately precedes the month in which the interest will accrue, or (ii) 0.50%. We estimate that a one percentage

22


 

point increase in the prime rate would have resulted in a $20,000 and $80,000 increase in interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and the year ended December 31, 2017, respectively.

We do not have any foreign currency or other material derivative financial instruments.

 

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), refers to controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to a company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

In designing and evaluating our disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that disclosure controls and procedures, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the disclosure controls and procedures are met. Additionally, in designing disclosure controls and procedures, our management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible disclosure controls and procedures. The design of any system of controls also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions; over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with policies or procedures may deteriorate. Because of the inherent limitations in a control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report at the reasonable assurance level.

Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

23


 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may be subject to litigation and claims arising in the ordinary course of business. We are not currently a party to any material legal proceedings and we are not aware of any pending or threatened legal proceeding against us that we believe could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, cash flows or financial condition.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Our business is subject to risks and events that, if they occur, could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations and the trading price of our securities. In addition to the other information set forth in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, you should carefully consider the factors described in “Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 16, 2018. There have been no material changes to the risk factors described in that report.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

(a)

Sales of Unregistered Securities

None.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

On May 8, 2018, we entered into a Supply Agreement, or the Supply Agreement, with Gerresheimer Regensburg GMBH, a company incorporated under laws of Germany, or Gerresheimer, pursuant to which Gerresheimer will manufacture and supply our proprietary SCS Microinjector.

 

Pursuant to the Supply Agreement, we will provide Gerresheimer with a rolling forecast schedule of our projected purchase orders for at least the next four calendar quarters. In addition, we will be required to meet a product unit purchase minimum. We also granted to Gerresheimer a worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, non-transferrable license of certain of our intellectual property in order to enable the manufacture of the SCS Microinjector.

 

The term of the Supply Agreement is five years and thereafter will be renewed automatically for three-year periods, unless terminated by either party at least 12 months prior to the end of the applicable term. In addition, either party has the right to immediately terminate the Supply Agreement under certain circumstances, including (i) upon a material breach of the Supply Agreement if the breaching party has failed to remedy the breach within 60 days or if the breach is not capable or remedy within 60 days or (ii) the other party becomes insolvent or goes into liquidation.

 

The foregoing is a summary description of certain terms of the Supply Agreement, is not complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the text of the Supply Agreement, which we expect to file as an exhibit to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ending June 30, 2018.

24


 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description

 

 

 

    3.1

 

Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-37783) filed with the SEC on June 7, 2016).

 

 

 

    3.2

 

Amended and Restated Bylaws (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-37783) filed with the SEC on June 7, 2016).

 

 

 

  31.1*

 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

 

 

 

  31.2*

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

 

 

 

  32.1**

 

Certifications of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer under Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

 

 

 

101.INS

 

XBRL Instance Document

 

 

 

101.SCH

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

 

 

 

101.CAL

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

 

 

 

101.DEF

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

 

 

101.LAB

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

 

 

 

101.PRE

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

*

Filed herewith.

**

These certifications are being furnished solely to accompany this quarterly report pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, and are not being filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and are not to be incorporated by reference into any filing of the registrant, whether made before or after the date hereof, regardless of any general incorporation language in such filing.

 

 

25


 

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

Clearside Biomedical, Inc.

 

 

 

 

Date: May 10, 2018

 

By:

/s/ Charles A. Deignan

 

 

 

Charles A. Deignan

 

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

(On behalf of the Registrant and as
Principal Financial Officer)

 

 

 

 

26

clsd-ex311_6.htm

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER

PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Daniel H. White, certify that:

1.

I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2018 of Clearside Biomedical, Inc. (the “registrant”);

2.

Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.

Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

(a)

Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

(b)

Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

(c)

Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

(d)

Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

5.

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

(a)

All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

(b)

Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: May 10, 2018

 

 

/s/ Daniel H. White

 

Daniel H. White

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

 

(principal executive officer)

 

clsd-ex312_12.htm

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER

PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Charles A. Deignan, certify that:

1.

I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2018 of Clearside Biomedical, Inc. (the “registrant”);

2.

Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.

Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

(a)

Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

(b)

Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

(c)

Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

(d)

Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

5.

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control o